『琉球独立学研究』 <第4号>

原著論文
概要 キーワード Abstract Keywords

------------------------------------------------

沖縄産業振興に関する一考察

髙良 守

概要
 本稿は、以下の6つの小タイトルから構成される。
 「急増する訪日外国人」では、過去5年間の「中国」「香港」「台湾」「韓国」「その他」の地域から沖縄県の訪日外国人の増減についてまとめている。 「沖縄県の海外関連事業の取り組みとその遍歴」においては、沖縄県産品や特産品などの地域産品の海外展開に関する事業及び施策などについて、その課題を明らかにし、課題解決のための具体的な提言を行う。
 「『沖縄県の産業振興策』――もう一つの視点」では、沖縄県のこれまでの産業振興、特に、第一次から第三次振興策における格差是正の認識、なぜ沖縄の産業振興が不振なのかの原因を論考する。
 「数字でみる本県の製造業と海外展開」においては、沖縄県が発表する産業別製造業の割合、特に食品加工業とその商品の輸出額に注目し、製造業に占める食品加工業の割合において、その輸出額が著しく低く、地域振興という観点から食品加工業の海外展開の強化・拡充を提言する。
 「本県の海外展開構想における課題――ビジネス実務の視点から」では、沖縄県が進める「ハブ事業」について、その取り組みとビジネス実務における課題に言及する。
 最後に、「高等教育機関への期待」として、沖縄県が取り組む「ハブ事業」を担うための課題として、貿易実務の人材とそのプログラムが欠如している事実を挙げ、大学などにおいて「国際ビジネス実務」や「国際貿易実務」などのプログラムの導入を提言する。

キーワード:国際ビジネス・国際貿易、アウトバウンド型経済活動、高度グローバル人材育成

------------

A Study on Industrial Development in Okinawa Prefecture

Mamoru TAKARA

Abstract
    This article consists of six articles: “The rapid increase in number of foreigners visiting Japan”, “Okinawa’s effort in the overseas projects and its history”, “Okinawa’s Industrial development
plan: From another viewpoint”, “The manufacturing industry in Okinawa prefecture in numbers, and overseas expansion”, “The issues of Okinawa Prefecture’s concept for the overseas expansion: A view point from Trading Business”, “What we expect from institutes of higher education”.
    “The rapid increase in number of foreigners visiting Japan” shows the increase and decrease of the number of foreigners visiting Japan from “China”, “Hong Kong”, “Taiwan”, “South Korea” and “others” in the past 5 years.
    “Okinawa’s effort in the overseas projects and its history” clarifies the problems of business and measures in overseas expansion of local products, and proposes specific solutions.
    “Okinawa’s Industrial development plan: From another viewpoint” quotes an opinion from Tsuneo Oshiro, a former professor of University of The Ryukyus, about recognizing the review of the disparities, especially in the primary to tertiary industrial promotion plans, and argues the causes of the slump in industrial promotion in Okinawa. In addition, it also mentions the government transfer payment of Japanese government to clarify that Okinawa is not fully depending on the “high assistance rate”. Conversely, it clarifies the fact that, depending on the time of the year, there is a large number of government transfer payment from Okinawa to the mainland government.
    “The manufacturing industry in Okinawa prefecture in numbers, and overseas expansion” focuses on the ratio of different manufacturing industries reported by Okinawa prefecture and particularly the food industries and the exports of the products. From having seen the significantly low exports, this article suggests expansion and reinforcement of the overseas expansion in the food industry from a perspective of promotion and vitalization of local area.
    “The issues of Okinawa Prefecture’s concept for the overseas expansion: A view point from Trading Business” is mentioned about the problems that are “The Hub Business that Okinawa pushes forward”.
    Finally, in “What we expect from institutes of higher education” I mention the fact that the trade business lacks the human resource and its program, which is the problem in Okinawa’s “hub business”, and suggests introducing the programs such as “trade policy” or “the trade system” in universities.
    These articles talk about Okinawa Prefecture’s economy generally with statistical numbers and history. Most importantly, I insist we do higher level of personal training on Outbound Economics Activity, for example by exporting local products or local brands to international market. But there are still only a few programs and educational systems in the universities in Japan to control doing business within overseas market from local area.
    We obviously lack education system for personnel system despite the needs for medium and small sized enterprises.
    Moreover I suggest that universities should adopt curriculums or programs on trade business and trade policy to educate the students who are willing to learn how to control international business.

Keywords : Global business and global trading. Outbound economic activity. High quality global personnel training.

------------------------------------------------